El antiguo Convento de La Merced 400 años de Cultura en Ciudad Real

Fue fundado con el dinero que el ciudadrealeño Andrés Lozano, capitán del ejército español en los Virreinatos de América, dejó dinero en su testamento para que se construyese un convento de Mercedarios descalzos en Ciudad Real, lo que ocurrió en 1613. Convento de la Merced Fachada

Se trató de un convento pequeño para una austera comunidad de unos pocos monjes, en torno a 20, que se denominaría Convento de la Inmaculada Concepción de Padres Mercedarios Descalzos.

Convento de la Merced Vista
En 1843 por Decreto del General Espartero, Regente de España pasó a ser Instituto Provincial de Enseñanza número 1 separando así el convento de su iglesia, continuaría como instituto de Bachillerato hasta 1995 con el nombre de Santa María de Alarcos habiendo sido trasladados sus importantes fondos en los años 60 al nuevo instituto San Juan de Avila.

Este edificio fue popularmente conocido desde los años 70 del siglo XX por “El Femenino” por haber sido la sección del instituto de bachillerato Juan de Avila para mujeres.

Durante la guerra civil tuvo  un refugio antiaéreo.
En el año 2001 la Junta de Comunidades de Castilla-La Mancha se hizo cargo de él y lo ha restauró, apareciendo unas galerías subterráneas visitables, algunas tumbas de los monjes, así como pinturas realizadas en honor de la visita de la Reina Isabel II a Ciudad Real en diciembre de 1866 ya que la planta alta del instituto sirvió durante 2 días como residencia Real, Asimismo, el Rey Alfonso XII pernoctó en este instituto durante la celebración del III Centenario de la publicación de El Quijote en 1905.

Claustro (2)Galeria de la MercedLateral del Convento
El edificio es parte de la historia de Ciudad Real. Sus muros han sido testigos de numerosos acontecimientos que han marcado la vida social y cultural de Ciudad Real.

En 1997 una resolución de la Dirección General de Cultura de la Consejería de Educación y Cultura de la Junta de Comunidades de Castilla-La Mancha incoaba expediente para declararlo Bien de Interés Cultural (BIC) con la categoría de monumento.

La celebración del IV Centenario de El Quijote en 2005 ha sido el detonante para llevar a cabo las obras de restauración de este emblemático inmueble que, para conmemorar esta efeméride, ha abierto sus puertas con la gran exposición “El arte en la España del Quijote”.

Desde 2005 es el Museo de Bellas Artes de La Merced.

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El Monasterio de las Terreras de Ciudad Real, tradición, industria y cultura

EL MONASTERIO DE LAS CONCEPCIONISTAS FRANCISCANAS DE SANTA BEATRÍZ DE SILVA

Vista General

Es el único Monasterio de Ciudad Real dedicado a Santa Beatriz de Silva desde el año 1489, en un estilo transitorio entre el último gótico y el Renacimiento, llegó a tener muchas posesiones como, panaderías, como la de la calle Toledo, Molinos de aceite, como el de la calle Cañas y Pozos de Nieve, conserva en su interior una imagen de la Virgen, del siglo XIII, conocida por “la Porterita”. Actualmente permanece cerrado esta maravilla de la arquitectura religiosa de clausura.

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Desde del siglo XVIII el Ayuntamiento cumple el Voto de acudir en Pleno el día de la Inmaculada Concepción para escuchar misa en la iglesia del convento, pues la Inmaculada Concepción es la Patrona del Ayuntamiento y figura a la entrada del Antiguo Ayuntamiento, “La Casa del Arco” en la Plaza Mayor de Ciudad Real que todos los años ha renovado su voto en dicho monasterio hasta su cierre.

Es popularmente conocido en Ciudad Real por el nombre de “Las Terreras” por haber estado mucho tiempo lindando con las lagunas Terreras hasta su desecación en el siglo XIX.

En su interior se hallaron ocultos en una pared en 1985 , unos instrumentos rituales de brujería de tipo fertilidad del siglo XVIII.

Otros edificios históricos de Interés de Ciudad Real

Hay en Ciudad Real cerca de 100 edificios o lugares históricos que no son visitables o que están en ruina o fuera de los folletos o circuitos turísticos; estos son algunos:

Diputación Provincial 1893

Vista

Palacio Episcopal, 1885CIMG0139.JPGPalacio Episcopal

Venta de la Torrecica, pedanía de La PoblachuelaCasa de La Torrecica La Poblachuela (3)

Antiguo colegio Ferroviario, 1925DSCF4317.JPG

Antiguo edificio de Correos y Postas en Ciudad Real, Siglo XIXCasa calle Postas Antiguo Edificio de Correos pintada

El Humilladero de Ciudad Real Antiguo Humilladero del camino Real de Córdoba, siglo XV, conocido como “La Cruz de los Casados”, tiene su propia leyenda la de los Casados..parque de Gasset

Antiguo Depósito de Agua en el cerro de La Atalaya del año 1920. Antiguo Depósito de agua de la Atalaya

Iglesia de la Inmaculada Concepción de la pedanía de Valverde Iglesia de la Inmaculada Concepción de Valverde

Iglesia de la pedanía de Las Casas Iglesia de Las Casas Fachada

Ermita de Los Remedios del Siglo XVIII Ermita Fachada

Casa Solariega de la Encomienda de Santa María del Guadiana siglo XVIII

Encomienda de Santa María del Guadiana lateral

La Plaza de Toros del siglo XIX

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Le Parc Archéologique d’Alarcos à Ciudad Real

Il est situé dans la municipalité de Ciudad Real, à 8 km du centre-ville de Ciudad Real sur la route N-430. Il est en Espagne, dans la région de Castilla-La Mancha, à 120 km au sud de Tolède vers la route N-401 et à 200 km au sud de Madrid vers la route A-4.

Il y a des importants restes d’une ville Iberiénne du  l’année 3000 avant J.C.

Barrio Ibero desde la Ermita

Les anciens murailles et le chateau d’Alarcos du XIIéme siécle.

La Muralla

Fachada

L’eglise d’Alarcos du XIIIéme siécle.

Ici il y aurait une grande bataille en 1195 entre les armées du roi Alphonse VIII de Castille et l’émir de Séville Yusuf II; La bataille d’Alarcos.

 

Alarcos Archeological Park in Ciudad Real

 

It is located  in the town of Ciudad Real, 8 km from downtown Ciudad Real on way N-430. It is in Spain, in the region of Castilla-La Mancha, 120 km south of Toledo on N-401 and 200 km south of Madrid.
Barrio Ibero desde la Ermita Remains of an Iberian town 3,000 years B.C.

Casas Iberas

La Muralla

The wall and a Castle of the 12th century.

Castillo años 90 Vista aeréa

 The Alarcos 13th century hermitage.2015-01-22 11.44.15

FachadaAlarcos 2017 (49)
Here, there was a major battle in 1195 between the armies of King Alfonso VIII of Castile and the Emir of Seville Yusuf II; The Battle of Alarcos.

 

La Porta di Toledo di Ciudad Real 1255

2015-04-22 13.51.08DSCF4310È un buon esempio di architettura militare gotica con qualche influenza Normanda, l’originalità è che pochi hanno raggiunto tali porte ad oggi e la maggior parte sono situati in Castelli.

La forma due torri rettangolari solidi che fiancheggiano la porta, costituita da due archi molto palafitte; che soddisfano funzione militare come fortificazione Matacan due ferro di cavallo archi ogivali formano la porta, e scaricando le due volte a vela arcate interne, ognuna con scudi araldici, all’interno sono tra i due archi è lo spazio cavo al rake. La sua storia come luogo di difesa registra l’assalto delle truppe Napoleoniche il 27 Mar 1809 dopo la battaglia per i ponti di Guadiana e La Atalaya.

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Descrivendo la strada da Toledo trovato un matacán come arco a sesto acuto, sorretto da due colonne mezzo con capitelillos decorati con foglie di vite, calze colonne sono supportati su staffe simili ai capitali. Poi abbiamo trovato il Fronte, formata da un arco a ferro di cavallo sull’arco è degno di nota Scudo del re Alfonso X “Il Saggio”, con le armi della Castiglia e León in policroDSCF4302mia rosso e blu.

 

The Alarcos Battle in 1195

  • In the year 1147 the King of Castile and Leon Alfonso VII took the important Muslim Fortress of Calatrava, in Carrion de Calatrava about 8 km near from Ciudad Real, whom was the most important center of the area.  Defended since this year by the Templar Knights , and when after a short time they leave the fortress that’s when the Military Order of Calatrava replaced them.
    After two raids by La Mancha and Andalusia by the Archbishop of Toledo Martin López de Pisuerga and how defense the Almohad Caliph Abu Yusuf Yacub Almansur (Yusuf II) Strikes and from Seville via Cordoba is heading to Toledo, meanwhile Toledo King of Castile Alfonso VIII, prepared an army to march south to meet them.In the halfway, the July 19th, 1195, there was a decisive battle between the  two contending armies.
  • Campo de Batalla Alarcos julio

The army of the Caliph Al-Mansur Yusuf was composed by Andalusian volunteers Almohad Benimerines and muslin nobility. Their number is estimated at 30,000

The army of King Alfonso VIII, was composed of  Toledo Knights of the Knights of the Military Orders of Calatrava and Santiago the Knights of the Military Order of Evora in Portugal with its Field Marshalls. Their number is estimated at 10,000 to which should be added as many laborers and servants (Sergeants, Squires, pages) and Impedimenta train with several hundred people, including children, cooks..

MINOLTA DIGITAL CAMERAFlechas Alarcos

The remains of the Alarcos Castle in Ciudad Real, Castilla-La Mancha. Spain

La MurallaCastillo frontalTorre Templaria y Foso secoPanel Explicativo Batalla AlarcosThe Initial position of both armies before the began of the battle .

The core of the Muslim army was its light cavalry archers

The core of the Christian army was its heavy cavalry with armored Kights and horses.

The Almohads have incorporated two important tactical advances: The crossbow and the Militia formed by all able men, giving them numerical superiority over the Christian armies of the Iberian Peninsula, which were composed of mercenaries and military professionals such how the military orders and the Knights, but they were very few in number compared.

By the Almohad troops at the militia vanguard  there were the BenimerinesAlgazaces and volunteers,  Immediately behind them were Abu Yahya ibn Abi
Hafs (Abu Yahya) and Henteta, Almohad elite troop. In the flanks, there were their
light cavalry equipped with arc and in the rear the own Al-Mansur with
his bodyguard.
Ya’qub followed the advice of Andalusian qa’id Abū ‘abd
Allah ibn Sanadi and divided his large army, leaving the Andalusian Gund
(soldiers of militarized provinces) and the bodies of volunteers
gihad suffer the onslaught of the Christian army and later,
taking advantage of the overwhelming superiority of the Almohad army, exhaustion and
embarrassment of the Christian army, attack with fresh troops that
held in reserve, the black guard.

In the morning of 19th July and after have waited one day  reinforcements, the impatience and recklessness King Alfonso VIII, gave the order to attack without waiting for the kings of Aragon, Navarra and Leon, who had given his troops the numerical superiority and possibly win. So after a day waiting encamped on the hill under the scorching July sun, with their heavy armor and chain mail; Castellanos were thirsty, and food was scarce, given the risk of diseases and low heat and fearing that Muslims regroup, having been cheating by Al-Mansur and thought these were few and poorly armed, as was Almansur hidden in caves in the nearby hills the most of his troops. Before this, he ordered the attack.

At first the Castilian cavalry commanded by the Senescal of Castile Don Diego López de Haro, charged downhill against the Muslim infantry, whom was in the plain, destroying it and almost destroying them, causing great losses to the Muslims, but these, after a movement Ballesteros and their departure from their hideouts in caves in the hills around Alarcos, Muslim forces that had not had the Spaniards, began a violent counterattack.

After envolve the Muslim light cavalry  the Christian heavy cavalry , in a pincer maneuver, according to the chronicles, by complete surprise, the  Turkish horse archers, caused havoc in the Spanish cavalry, as these horses and their armed caught between the hill and the river, they could not literally move or maneuver and were hunted” and shot with arrows, until a few could go back and get to the castle too late to regroup and counterattack, because the Muslims had also surrounded the camp since the nearby hill to the right of Alarcos and threatened to surround them completely and not let escape into Toledo.

The fight lasted from noon until evening, when Muslims were able to penetrate the Castilian camp to shop Castilian king who was about to perish in the war.

King Alfonso VIII galloped toward the Malagon castle taking the path of Villadiego and the next day ran to Toledo, leaving the command to Senescal of Castile, Don Diego López de Haro, who fled with his troops in 5000 Alarcos Castle, to save, had to deliver 12 Knights hostage Almohades sign that pay the ransom set by Al-Mansur. Prisoners knights went to the dungeons of the castle of Calatrava, today Calatrava La Vieja, in the village of Carrión de Calatrava.

In the battle they were captured 3,000 prisoners who were released, after agreeing to a rescue, and allow the withdrawal of Spanish troops.

It was a major defeat for Christians, suffering many casualties by poor strategy and wise Alfonso VIII trap of Almohades.

Reenactment of the Alarcos Battle in 2017 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zAsCufIRcfQAlarcos 2017 (1)

For the Calatrava Knights his first battle was a great slaughter, perished in combat covering the retreat of their King several number of their knights, since this day and they changed their Black Cross by a Red Cross, for the bloodshed.
Among the Spaniards who died in battle Bishops of Avila, Segovia and Sigüenza, Ordoño García de Roda, Pedro Ruíz de Guzman and Rodrigo Sánchez; as well as both Marshalls of the Order of Santiago, Sancho Fernández de Lemus, an the Portuguese Order of Évora, Gonçalo Viegas. The Marshall of Calatrava Nuño Pérez de Quinones escaped.

The losses were also heavy for the Almohads. Not only the Vizir, but also the head of the Benimerín.

Some bodies of Christians and their horses were buried by the Almohad conquerors into a mass grave down the wall.

With this defeat the advance to Andalusia was delayed  and was avenged with the victory of the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa in 1212.
Curiously, the Giralda tower in Seville Cathedral, a mosque in the year 1195, was completed with the spoil  earned in the Alarcos battle by the Almohad Caliph Yusuf II.